Know Malaysia

Know Malaysia


Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Administrative Capital: Putrajaya
Official Language: Bahasa Malaysia; English is widely spoken
Currency: Ringgit Malaysia (RM or MYR)
Time Zone: GMT+8

Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia, between Singapore, Thailand, and Indonesia. The huge island of Borneo is shared with Brunei and Indonesia, and borders in the north to the Philippines.

Peninsular Malaysia or West Malaysia comprises 11 states, namely, Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Penang, Selangor, and Terengganu. Together with Sabah and Sarawak (located in East Malaysia), they make up the 13 states of Malaysia. There are three Federal Territories namely, Kuala Lumpur – the capital of Malaysia; Putrajaya – the Federal Government Administrative Centre; and Labuan – a ‘tax-free’ island located off the coast of Sabah.

Multiculturalism has not only made Malaysia a gastronomical paradise, but it has also made Malaysia home to hundreds of colorful festivals. It’s no wonder that we love celebrating and socializing. As a people, Malaysians are very laid back, warm, and friendly.

Geographically, Malaysia is as diverse as its culture. Cool hideaways are found in the highlands that roll down to warm, sandy beaches and rich, humid mangroves.

One of Malaysia’s key attractions is its extreme contrasts. Towering skyscrapers look down upon wooden houses built on stilts, and five-star hotels sit several meters away from ancient reefs.
* Further information on the country can also be obtained from the Malaysian government’s official portal.

Malaysia experiences humid weather throughout the year, where temperatures fluctuate between 21 and 32 degrees during the year. Typically, the Malaysian climate is influenced by the winds blowing from the Indian Ocean (Southwest Monsoon – May to September) and the South China Sea (North-Eastern Monsoon – November to March).


Malaysian food is not one particular kind of food but a unique culinary spectrum originating from Malaysia’s multi-ethnic population that has melded together sampling tastes, ingredients, and cooking methods from each other.

Malaysia is undeniably a food haven that offers a sumptuous range of cuisine. It is not uncommon to drive for hours to eat a really good bowl of noodles. As you can imagine, eatery standards are very competitive all over the country. Each state in Malaysia has something different to offer in terms of culinary delights.

Indulge in gourmet fusion cuisine created by talented chefs in designer restaurants, or sample an endless amount of goodies found practically bursting out of malls, storefronts, and side-street hawker stalls.

Melaka is also home to delicious Baba Nyonya food, much of it served in quaint cafes in historical shophouses. Penang is a hawker stall haven, where the most delicious food requires you to wait for al fresco tables and costs as little as RM3.50 per dish. Ipoh receives many day-trippers who come only to savour local favourites. Kelantan is the cradle of Malay culture and serves exotic Malay food rich in flavour and colour. When trying to decide on what stall or restaurant to visit, the rule of thumb is that the most popular place, especially among the locals, is normally the best.

At the same time, there are many restaurants that serve cuisine from all over the world – American, Middle Eastern, Thai, Italian, German, Spanish, French, Japanese, Korean, and many others. Fastfood outlets serving burgers and pizza can be found easily. Halal food is available everywhere and there are ample eateries that offer vegetarian food. Eating out in major cities is convenient as many restaurants are open 24 hours.

This multi-cultural array of food has now come to be known all over the world as Malaysian Food. For gastronomic adventures fit for kings, the time is now, the place is Malaysia.

Culture and People

Malaysia is a multi-cultural society. The main ethnic groups are the native Malays as well as large populations of Chinese, and Indians. These three groups are joined by a dizzying array of indigenous tribes, many of which live in the forests and coastal areas of Borneo. Although each of these cultures has vigorously maintained its traditions and community structures, they have also blended together to create contemporary Malaysia’s uniquely diverse heritage.
Malaysia consists of more than 100 races, dialect groups and indigenous people speaking more than 142 different languages and dialects among themselves, Malaysia deserves to be called “Malaysia Truly Asia”.


Malaysia’s official religion is Islam and freedom of religious worship is enshrined in the constitution, making Malaysia a colorful and harmonious country.  You will find numerous churches, Hindu Temples, Taoist Temples, Buddhist Temples, Mosques, and other religious places all over the country.


The official language in Malaysia is Bahasa Melayu which is the medium of instruction in primary and secondary schools. However, English is widely spoken in the country. Almost every Malaysian is bilingual or multilingual. All private universities use English as the language of instruction.

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